Tobacco use in Montana 2021
Cigarette use: Montana
Cigarette smoking rates in Montana
- In 2020, 16.4% of adults smoked. Nationally, the rate was 15.5%.1
- In 2019, 7.7% of high school students in Montana smoked cigarettes on at least one day in the past 30 days. Nationally, the rate was 6.0%.2
Other tobacco product use: Montana
Vaping rates in Montana
- In 2018, 4.7% of adults used e-cigarettes.
- In 2020, 8.0% of adults used smokeless tobacco.3
- In 2019, 30.2% of high school students in Montana used electronic vapor products on at least one day in the past 30 days. Nationally, the rate was 32.7%.2
- In 2019, 6.3% of high school students in Montana used chewing tobacco, snuff or dip on at least one day in the past 30 days. Nationally, the rate was 3.8%.2
- In 2019, 7.5% of high school students in Montana smoked cigars, cigarillos or little cigars on at least one day in the past 30 days. Nationally, the rate was 5.7%.2
Economics of tobacco use and tobacco control
Montana cigarette tax
- Montana received $104.4 million (estimated) in revenue from tobacco settlement payments and taxes in fiscal year 2021.4
- Of this, the state allocated $4.9 million in state funds to tobacco prevention in fiscal year 2023, 33,2% of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s annual spending target.4
- Smoking-caused health care costs: $440 million per year.4
- Smoking-caused losses in productivity: $368.9 million per year.5
Montana tobacco laws
Montana smoking laws
- Montana is ranked 27th in the U.S. for its cigarette tax of $1.70 per pack (enacted January 2005), compared to the national average of $1.82. (The District of Columbia has the highest tax at $4.50 and Missouri has the lowest at 17 cents.)6-8
- Moist snuff is taxed at 85 cents per ounce and a proportionate rate on all fractional parts of an ounce. All other tobacco products are taxed at 50% of the wholesale price.6,7
Clean indoor air ordinances
- Smoking is prohibited in all government workplaces, private workplaces, schools, childcare facilities, restaurants, bars, casinos/gaming establishments (tribal establishments are exempt), retail stores and recreational/cultural facilities.6,7
- The use of e-cigarettes is prohibited in or on public school property.9
- Retailers and wholesalers are required to obtain a license to sell tobacco products.6
- A license is required to sell e-cigarette products.9
Youth access laws
- Effective December 2019, the United States adopted a law raising the federal minimum age of sale of all tobacco products to 21. Some states have not yet raised their state minimum age of sale, however, the federal law takes precedence.
- While the federal law takes precedence, under the state law, the minimum sales age for Montana is 18.
- Establishments are required to post signs stating that sales to minors are prohibited.6
- Sale or distribution of vapor products to persons under age 18 is prohibited. 9
- Vending machine sales are restricted to bars where machine is under direct line-of-sight supervision. 9
- Possession or use of vapor products by persons under age 18 is prohibited. 9
Quitting statistics and benefits
Quitting vaping and smoking in Montana
- The CDC estimates 49.5% of daily adult smokers in Montana quit smoking for one or more days in 2019.3
- In 2014, the Affordable Care Act required that Medicaid programs cover all tobacco cessation medications.7**
- The data for Montana’s state quit line invests $3.59 per smoker, compared to the national average, which isis $2.28.7
- Montana does not have a private insurance mandate provision for cessation.7
Notes and references
Updated August 2021
*National and state-level prevalence numbers reflect the most recent data available. This may differ across state fact sheets.
**The seven recommended cessation medications are NRT gum, NRT patch, NRT nasal spray, NRT inhaler, NRT lozenge, Varenicline (Chantix) and Bupropion (Zyban).
Fiore MC, et al. Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update. Clinical Practice Guideline. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service: May 2008.
1. CDC, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2020
2. CDC, Youth Risk Behavioral Surveillance System, 2019.
3. CDC, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation System, 2021.
4. Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, Broken Promises to Our Children: a State-by-State Look at the 1998 State Tobacco Settlement 22 Years Later FY2021, 2020.
5. Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, Toll of Tobacco in the United States.
6. American Lung Association, State Legislated Actions on Tobacco Issues (SLATI).
7. American Lung Association, State of Tobacco Control, 2021.
8. Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. State Cigarette Excise Tax Rates & Rankings. https://www.tobaccofreekids.org/assets/factsheets/0097.pdf. Accessed.
9. Public Health Law Center. U.S. E-Cigarette Regulation: 50-State Review. http://www.publichealthlawcenter.org/resources/us-e-cigarette-regulations-50-state-review. Accessed.